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皇都MG淑女之夜【njsanhong.com.cn】为您提供集团最新官方网站,更高级的VIP服务体验,更多的优惠活动,更快速的存取款时间,专属美女客服一对一服务,赶快注册游戏吧。东海睦裳及工作室(原安顺箍晾网络技术有限公司)成立于1995年,占地面积17908平方米,u优乐注册网站其中生产厂房占地3214平方米,仓库面积占地0193平方米。固定资产2771万元,流动资产3135万元,干部职工共549人,工程技术人员65人。皇都MG淑女之夜ByLiuShijin,,2007NeverbeforehasChinasener,Chinahasenteredandwillremainatthestageforquitealongperiodoftime,duringwhichtheconsumptionofresourcesincludingenergywill"climbup".Nomajoreconom,theshareoftheenergy-consumingheavyindustrywillrisebyafairlybigmarginandthe"structuralfactor"senergyconsumptionforperunitoutputhasbeenontherisewhi,theeffectof"super-largescale",,willsurpasstspercapitaenergyconsumptionisstillverylowwhencomparedwithinternationallevels,thetotalamountofenergyconsumptionhasfargonebeyondpeople,Chinahasmadesomeprogressinenergyconservationovertheyears,alandconceptualfactors,theprimarycauserestsmainlyonoursystems,,eventhoughtheyareinthesamei,whileChinaclaimstobeabigcountrywithrichresources,itspercapitalevelsinamajorityofignresources,butagrowingdependencyonforeignsupplyofsomeimportantresourcescannotbutcausepublicconcernsoverthecountrys"energysecurity".Forexample,C,resourceconstraintandespeciallyenergyconstraintareposingagravechallengetothesustainabilityofChina,wemusthaveacorrectapproachwhenobserving,,theso-called"resourceconstraint",a"resourceconstraint",senergystrategyandpoinoptimizingChinaoaloccupiesadominantpositioninthestructureofChinasenergysupply,an,withtheexploitablehydropowerresourcesaccountingforabout15%,Chinaspercapitapossessionofhydropowerresourcesisequivalenttoabout70%oftheworldaveragelevel,whichiswellaboveitsratiosforoilandnaturalgas(respectively11%%)andisclosetothatforcoal(79%).Chinare-investigateditshydropowerresourcesduringthe2001~thetheoreticalreserveofhydropowerresources,thetechnologicallyexploitablege,,Chinasratiobetweenthehydropowergeneratingcapac%,rankingaround80thplaceintheworldandstayingbelowtheworldaveragelevel(%).Itwasfarlowerthanthelevelofhydropowerresourcedevelopmentinthedevelopedcountries(50%~100%)andwasalsolowerthanthelevelsinBrazil,India,Vietnam,slagginghydropowerdevelopment,ersandcanprodundculturalsites,,irrationalplanning,designingandconstructionicalprotectionandonadoptingallmeasurestominimizetheu,weshouldalsoseethepositiveimpactsofhydropowerdevelopmentontheenvironmentandtheecology,forexample,inpreventingfloods,improvingthe,theconsiderablereturnsarisingfromhydropowerdevelopmentcanprovi"micro-environment","macro-environment"ofthewholenationaleconomy,hydropowerdevel,ressinhydropowercopowergeneratingcapacitycanaccountforarationalproportionofthetotalgeneratingcapacity,~,,,,missionofCO2,,coalconsumptionsavedbyhyd%.Sointhemicroeconomicsense,hydropowerdevelopmenthas,"cleaneffect"ofsubstitutingcoal-firedpowergeneration,hydropowershouldberegardedasacleanenergy....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.TaskForceonAnalysisofChinasEconomyintheFirstHalfof2009andProspectsforEconomicPerformanceintheLatterHalfoftheYearThepackageeconomicstimulusprogramformulatedbytheCPCCentralCommitteeandtheStateCouncilhasachievedremarkablesuccessinstabilizingth,however,hasnotbeensolidandmoreattentionshouldbegiventosuchprobinthemid-and-longrun,weneedtoenhancethesustainabilityanackageeconomicstimulusprogramoftheCPCCentralCommitteeandtheStateCounciltakingeffectgradually,remarkablesucivefactorsaftertheSinceNovember2008,inaccordancewiththerequirementthatweactfast,beforceful,taketargetedmeasuresandstressimplementation,thegovernmen,theCentralGovernmenthasarrangedaninvestmentof908billionyuan,,moretha,therateofdisbursementofthefundsinfullexceeded64%andtherateofdisbursementoftheinvestmentfundsbudgetedbytheCentralGovernmentreached94%.Increaseofinvestmentinbringingsupportandbenefittofarmersandinimprovingpeopleslivelihoodandaseriesofmovesaimedatpromotingemploymentandrevitalizingtheindustrieshavecre,thebroadmoneysupplygrewby25%,beingnearly,tandeffectivelyexpandedChinasdomesticdemandandalleviatedthes,theglobaleconomiccrisisandeconomicregulationwillaffecttheemploymentandincomeexpectationsoftheres,sincethebeginningofthisyear,theactu,thea%and10%respectively,,thetotalretailsalesofsocialconsumergoodsroseby15%andwereabout2percentagepointshigher,thechangeoftheshort-termincomewillhavelessinfluenceonhouseholdconsumptionandthatsolongasthepolicyisproperlyadjusted,therinvestmentisadesirableobjectivetobeachievedbythegovernmentthroughincreaseofinvestme,notonlydidtheinvestmentmadebythestateandstate-holdingenterprisesgrowfast,buttheinvestmentmadebyotherenterprises,includingcollectively-owned,self-employedandprivately-operatedenterprises,%.Thehallmarkfactisthatsalesofrealestateandautomobiles,twomajorleadingindustries,havegrownatanacceleratedpace,,%,yearonyear,%ntspeededupmonthbymonthfrom1%duringJanuaryandFebruaryto12%,,respectively,up11%and14%,,thenumberofmanufacturedandsoldautomobilesgrewby29%and24%sexportcommoditiesFromJanuarytoMay,China,afterallowingforpricerises,,theimportandexportcargohandlingcapacityofChina%,,themarketshareoccupiedbyChinasexportcomm,theproportionofChina%,,andtheproportionofChina%ofallJapansimports,,theproportionofChina%,,themomentumoftheChinescentagepointshigherthanthatinthefirstquarterandtheaccumulativegrowthratewillbeslightlyhigherthan7%inthefirsthalfoftheyear.。

    ,heEssenceoftheProblemstoBeAddressedduringtheEleventhFive-YearPlanPeriodThefirsttwoyearsintheEleventhFive-Year%in2006andbyabout3%,thereisastillmuchworktobedonebeforerealizingthegoaloftheEleventsthereasonbehindsuchahugehabitualincreaseinenergyconsumptionperunitGDPWhatnewcircumstancesandproblemsarethererelatedto,,%%peryearinEleventhFive-YearPlanperiodseemsjustslightlyhigherthantheannuallyaveragedecreaseinthepastthreeFive-YearPlanperiods,butactuallyweareconfrontedwithmuchbiggerdifficultiesatpresent,andthenewcir,structuralelementsincludenotonlyindustrialstructures,butalsothe,60%to70%,thingschangedsince2002:structuralelementsturnedtobethedrivingforceforincreasingenergyconsumptionperunitofGDP,ratherthanforenergysaving,,thepositivecontributionoftechnologicalprogresshasbeengreatlyoffsetbythenegativeinfluencefromstructuralelements,,itisimperativetobuildupanewinnermechanismofenergysaving,,incorporatingbothstructuralandtechnicalelements,andincludingbothproductionlinks(energy-intensiveindustriesinparticular),therearesystematicdefectsinenergy-savingadministration,policies,,distinctdefectsexistinthescope,approachanddegreeofgovernmentsinterventioninenergysaving,particularlyrepresentedbyinsufficiencyofpolicyincentives,suchasinadequateincentivemeasuresforenergysavingrelatedtotaxationandpricing,absenceorinapplicabilityoflaws,rulesandstandardsinnewcircumstances,disorderinenergyadministrationsystemlikeenergy-savingmechanism,notableweakeninginenergyadministrationcapabilities,andtheimma,thestructuralelementscausedcontinuousdropofener,theharmbecomesmoreandmorevisibl,tstagefeaturingtheaccelerateddevelopmentofheavyandchemicalindustry,,thepresenteconomicgrowthrategreatlyexceedstheexpectedrateonwhichenergy-savinggoalwasset,,theaveragerateofeco%,andbasedonthatrate,theamountofenergytobesaved(absolutevalue)%.%%,theenergy-savinggoalswillberespectively670millionand700milliontonsofstandardcoalequivalent(mtsce).Therefore,asthepresentgrowthrateismuchhigherthanexpected,enthFive-stmentandtransformationofeconomicgrowthmode,andcurrentenergy-intensiveindustriesshouldbereplacedby,highgrowthrateandlowenergyconsumptioncanhardlybeachievedsimultaneouslya,neithercannewindustriesdrivingeconomicgrowthemergeinashorttime,norcangrowthmodebetransformedovernight,btainedatthesametime,itisnecessarytomakeclearthattoenhances,eenergysavingworkwasconfrontedwithproblemsof"threemoreandthreeless",namely,thecentralgovernmentpaidmoreattentiontothisissuewhereaslocalgovernmentpaidlessattention;moreattentionwasgivenduringenergyshortageorcrisisperiodswhereaslessattentionwasgivenwhenenergywascomparativelysufficient;moreattentionwaspaidinareaswithhighenergyrestric,theenergysavingworkisalsofacedwithproblemsof"threemoreandthreeless",referringtomoremobilizationmeasuresmadebythegovernmentwhereaslessactionstakenbyenterprisesandconsumers;morerequirementsmadewhereaslessconcretemeasures;moreadm,we,legalandadministrativemeasuresaredifferentbynature,ctstheyworkon(Table1):Table1EffectivenessofDifferentMeasuresonDifferentSubjectsIndustrialproductionacceleratedquarterbyqu,%,yearonyear,,%riseinthefirstquarter,%%%inSeptember,whichwitnessedthefastestgrowthasofthebeginningoftheyear,andtheindustrialpr,%,,buttheincreaserat,the%,%,%andthatofforeign-investedandtheHongKong,%.Intermsofindustry,,theindustrialproductionofChina%,%%.Theratioofsalestoproductionofindustrialproductsturnedoutgood,withthesell%.FromJanuarytoAugust,the,%yearonyear,,,theaddedvalueofthetra%,%,%,tha%,%,%,%,%andt%,whiletheoilexplorationindustry%fromayearago,%,%,%,%%.Duringthefirstthreequarters,%,yearonyear,ar;%,10-200米ByZhangQiXuHongqiang,ResearchDepartmentofForeignEconomicRelationsofDRCResearchReportNo195,othesimplificationandharmonizationofinternational,enhancetradeefficiencyandproduceimmenseeconomicefficiency,tradefacilitationhasalwaysbeenanimportanttooladoptedactivelyby(WTO)hasnospecialagreementontradefacilitation,,tradefacilitationhasbeenincorporatedintothenegotiationsoftheDohaDe:cilitation;mentingbroaderplansfortradefacilitation-relatedtechnicalassistanceandabilitybuilding;,tradeandinvestmentfacilitationhasb,thetradetransactioncostbetweenallmemberswouldbecutby5%duringthe2002~2006periodandtradefacilitationwillaffectfourmajorareas:customsprocedures,standardsandunification,,theleadersofvariouscountriesjointlyputforwardtheActionPlanII,underwhichtheintra-regionaltradetransactioncostwouldbecutbyanother5%,theyexpressedinterestinwidertradefacilitationssuchastheimprovementofdomesticrulesandsystems,riouscountries,,theyincludethetradeingoods,thetradeinservices,tationinthefreetradearrangementsignedrespectivelybyChina,,JapanandSouthKoreaSofar,asHongKongandMacao,ChinahassignedfreetradeagreementswithASEAN,Chile,Pakistan,NewZealand,,,ChinahasjustconcludedinvestmentnegotiationswithASEANandsignedaninvestmentagreementinAugustthisyear,sFTAtradeingoodsincludedtheprovisionson"investment",andanadditionalprotocolwassignedinOctober2008,whichwoulddefinetherulesontheestablishmentoftheChina-PakistanInvestmentAreatopromoteinvestmentcooperation(withintheChina-PakistanFreeTradeArea,thisadditionalprotocolwouldgivepriorityconsiderationtotariffconcessionstothegoodsproducedintheHaier-RubaEconomicZoneandotherChina-Pakistaninvestmentareasandthegoodsthetwosideshaveinteresttoexport).China-NewZealandFreeTradeAgreementwasthefirstcomprehensivefreetradeagreementChinahassignedtocovertheareasoftradeingoods,,China,SingaporeandPeruhaveadoptedth。

    88游注册送38体验金Graph2IncreaseoftheTotalRetailValueofSocialConsumerGoodsfromMay2005toJune2006Source:sortedoutaccordingtoChinaEconomicBoomMonthlyWhatisworthnoticinginCPIchangeinthefirsthalfoftheyearisthattheconductivityofthe,duetotheinfluenceoftheincreaseinworldoilprices,thestatetwiceraisedpricesofoilproducts,esourceprices,andtheriseofresourcepricesinevitablybroughtabouttheoverallrisingoftheserviceprices,thusleadingtotheincreaseofCPIdirectlyorindirectly.(5)Housingpricesremainedhigh,andpricesinsomecitiesgrewexcessivelyhighInthefirsthalfof2006,%overthesameperiodoflastyear,;inthesecondquarter,increaseofthesalespricesofthenewly-builtcommercialhousingbegantobounceback,,salespricesofthesecond-handhousesthroughoutthecountryrosesteadily,%inJune,showingafallaftertherise,whichsuggestedth%inthesecondquarterascomparedwiththesameperiodoflastyear,,,pricesofthenewly-builtresidencesin23citieshadsurpassedthecountrysaverageinJune,of%%respectivelyoverthesameperiodoflastyear,,%;(6)MonetarycreditshowedamomentumofexcessivelyrapidgrowthThefirsthalfoftheyearsawafinancialsituationof"easymoney,easycredit".BytheendofJune,thebroadmoney(M2)%overthesameperiodlastyear,,(M1)%,;cashincirculation(M0)%,,thenewly-increasedRMBloansamountedto2170billionyuan,,%oftheexpectedcontrollingtargetof2500billionyuanforthewholeyearof2006(seeGraph3).Undersuchcircumstances,themobilityofthebankingsystemwasmadetobeexcessivelyloose,thusfurtherleadingtotherapidgrowthofthefixedassetinvestment.ByFengFeiLiangYangchun,,-YearPlanPeriodSincetheStateCouncilpromulgatedthereformplanofelectricpowersystemin2002,theelectricpowersystemreforminChinahasmademuchprogress,whichcanbedescribedasthefollowing:therapidgrowthinthepowersupplyandgridconstructionhaseffectivelyrelievedthepowershortage;theseparationofthepowerplantandpowergridhashelpedcreateamarketpatternfavorableforintroducingafaircompetitiontotheelectricitygenerationside;theestablishmentoftheindependentregulatorfortheelectricityindustryindicatesabasicsteptowardamodernregulatorysystem;thepilotworkabouttheelectricitymarkethasbeendoneinsomeareastotesttheapplicabilityofdifferentmarketsysteminChina(evenindifferentareas);theissuanceoftheelectricitypricereformplan,theproblemsarisinginthereformareequallyprominent,whichmainlyinclude:First,thetransformationofgovernmentfunctionlagsbehind,themanagementsystemisnotyetrationalized,and,governmentfunctionhasnotbeenfulfilled,authorityabsenceandoversteppingcoexist,theproblemof"multi-levelmanagement"isstillobvious,thediscretionarypoweroftheadministrationorganizationistoostrong,andanopen,,,tosolvetheproblemofpowershortageinChinaassoonaspossible,thestateover-emphasizedpowersupply,"prioritizingenergyconservation",theimmediowergri,,suchaslackinginvestmentincentives,asthestabilityofthestaffwillbegrea,nosubstantialprogresshaseverbeenattainedinthereformofkeysectors,rombeingrealized,a,thelegislationfortheelectricit,interestedpartiesmaydistortoriginaldirectionofthereform,,theleadingteamwhichwassetupattheearlystageofthereformcannotplayitsduerole,whichhaoductionofcompetitionmechanismintotheelectricityindustrydemandstheclarificationofthreefundamentalquestions:first,howtomatchthecompetitionmechanismwithtechnologicalandeconomiccharacteristicsoftheindustry;second,howtodealwiththerelationsbetweencompetitionanddevelopment;third,howtodealw,ithasbeendebatedforlongthatthecompetitionmechanismmusttakely,,roughlybreakingmonopolyandintroducingcompetitionintothewholetransmissionanddi:first,whetherthecompetitionoptimizesresourcesdistribution;second,whethertheregulatorcankeepaneffectivecontroloverthegridcompanies;third,,basedoncurrentadministrativesystemandmarketcondition,forcingtheseparationofthepowerplantandthegridwillonlyreplace"bigmonopolies"with"smallmonopolies".Whatisworse,thegridsectorlosesnotonlyeconomyofscope(verticalmonopolyisnotallowed),,thegridcannotberash,,overemphasisonunrearlieristhelackofinvestmentincent,theStateofCaliforniaoftheUnitedStatesalteredthemarketpatternoftotal-quantityreal-timebiddingandtheBritaingover,theyseektostrikeabalancebetweenmarketcompetiti,thereformgoalmustbedifferentiatedfromthatofthesecountries,whichmeanswemustpromotecompetitionanddevelopmentasdualgoalsofthereform,enhanceefficiencythroughcompetitionandthencreateaneffectiveincentivemechanism,twocrucialproblemsmustbeaddressed:first,whichmarketpatternshouldweadopt,total-quantitybiddingorpartial-quantitybiddingSecond,whichapproachshouldbeadoptedintheregulationofelectricitypricestoensurethatthepowergridcompaniesarewillingandhavethecapacitytomakeinvestmentinthelongrunThird,itisnecesssuewhenthemonopolizedgridisconcerned,,revolutionarychangesshouldtakeplaceinthescopeofregulation(alsocalledaregulationrevolution),fromtraditionaleconomicregulationtosocialregulation,whichmayincludeenvironment,security,quality,marketstructure(incaseofthemisuseofmarketpower)andresourcesefficiencies....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByHanJun,XuXiaoqing,CuiChuanyi,ChenJianbo,YuBaoping,PanYaoguoQinZhongchun,,roductionincreaseforthreeconsecutiveyears,,thegapbetweeng,,soybeanproductionsignificantlylagsbehindconsumption,resultingintheneedforlargeamountofsoybeanimports;wheatproductionoutstripsdemand;theamountofproductionanddemandofricearebasicallyequal;ustdevelopmentofmaize-basedethanolprocessingindustry,thedemandforgrain,bothfromhomeandabroad,,theUnitedStates,amajormaizeproducerandexporter,hascontributed22%%in2010asmoremaizeandlesssoybeanandcottonareplantedin2007,,byaseriesoffactorsincludingtheriseofproductioncost,theincreaseofconsumptionandprocessingdemand,thecontinuedriseofgrainpriceininternationalmarketandthegovernment,,,thegrainpricewillcontinuetoremainstable,%,sca,themajorfactorthataffectsgrainproductionistheupwardpressureonthepriceofagriculturalproductionmaterials,,asaresultofrobustdemandfrommaizeprocessingindustry,thethreenortheastprovinces,nowproviding80%ofthecountrystotalmaizeconsumption,,,therearebothlong-termaswellasimmediateconcernsaboutthestabilityinthegrainmarket,,thegeneralgrainsupplyanddemandsituationwillundergoasweepingchange,ncreases,largelybecauseofincreasedimportsChinascottonproductionandsaleshavewitnessedadramaticriseasthecountry,%%,thegapstillexistsb,ChineseAcademyofAgriculturalSciencesandtheProgramTeamofNationalQualityScientificandTechnologicalServices,,swellastheincreaseofproductioncost,whichoffsettheex,,however,wasthelargeamountofimportoflowpricecotton,$,ayear-on-yearincreaseof43%and53%,theaverageCIFpriceforimportedcotton,whichstoodat$1,293perton,,Chinaimported248,000tonsofcotton,%,Chinaconsumesandtradesalmosthalfoftheworldnterestsofdifferentparties,,asingle,efficientandcomprehensivecontrollingmechanismisyettobeestablishedinChina,makingitdifficulttoidentifythebestwayandtimingforadjustingthecottonmarket,,butfarmersincentralandwesternChinastillfacedifficultiesinfindingjobsinneighboringcitiesRecentdevelopmentshowsthatthesituationseconomycontinuestogrowrapidlyinthefirstquarterin2007,sgreatemphasisontheissueconcerningmigloyeesin2007isexpectedtoreach985yuan,anincreaseof36yuan,%,incomefromwagescontributesaround60%,localgovernmentshavefurtherimplementedrelatedisestocreatemorejobopportunitiesforfarmersinneighboringcitiesandincreasetheirincome....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.皇都MG淑女之夜重合同守信誉企业市级明星企业,ByLiaoYingminRenXingzhou,InstituteofMarketEconomy,theDRCResearchReportNo109,(1)TherealestatemarketbottomsoutFromJanuarytoAugust2009,theareaofnationwidesoldnewly-builtcommercialhousingwas494,160,000m2,%overthesameperiodofthepreviousyear,,%,theareaofnationwidesoldcommercialhousingofthefirstquarterwas113,000,000m2,%lativelywell,whichshowspartofac,however,thecommercialhousingtransactionamountsawaparoxysmalincrease,andthetransactionamountofsomelarge-sizedandmedium-sizedhouseswithrelativelyhightotalpriceincreasedrapidly,,000,000m2(thatofJunewas94,650,000m2),(Table1).Atthesametime,ndShanghaiincreasedrespectivelyby186%and187%overthepreviousyear,higherthantheleveloftheyear2008;,especiallyinSeptember,housingtransactionamountofsomebigcitieslikeBeijingandShanghaidecreasedasdeflationpolicylikehighRegions(2009)Chart2ApparentConsumptionofProductOil2000-2006Source:ResearchDepartmentofIndustrialEconomyoftheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncilTheabovegrowthstructureindicatesthatwhilethegrowthofdieselconsumptionwasexceptionalonthe2005marketofproductoil,themarketgrowthin2006willbedrivenbydiverseforces,,thegrowthofgasolinedemandwillbemainlyattributabletothevigorousdevelopmentoftheautomarketandthenewdevelopmentofth,diesel’sshareoftheoverallconsumptionofallproductoilwillcontinuetobeashighas65percent,andthedevelopmentofthedhofthemarketofgasoline-drivenpassenger,theaccumulatedpurchasingpowerbeganamassivereleaseafterthemarkethadgonethroughadjus,,theremovalofthebanonsmall-enginevehiclesandtheadjustmentof,,theactiveoper,tinuetogrowrapidly,,althoughthemassivereleaseofthepurchasingpowerinthefirsthalfoftheyearwasencouraging,,theadjustmentoftheconsumptiontaxrwi,therisin,duetotheincomegrowth,themarket,theautoprirsthalfoftheyearanfthediesel-usingindustriesDrivenbythevigorousdevelopmentoftheauto,shipping,constructionandotherindustries,dieseldemandwillcontinuetogrowsteadily,withthepacebeingslightlyfasterthanin2005.(1)Thediesel-drivencommercialvehiclesarethemainforceofalldiesel-drivenv,theyaremorepronetotheinfluenceofthemacroeconomicsituation(especiallyinvestmentdemand)vementoftheurbanandruraltransportinfrastructureandroadconditionsin2006,thegrowthofdiesangibleandthefreighttrafficwillcontinuetogrow;therenewalofhighwaybusesthisyearandnextyearwillbeaccelerated,withmostofthepassengervehiclesthatwererenewedfollowingthequalificationevaluationofthepassengertransportenterprisesin2000bytheMinistryofCommunicationshaveallreachedtheageofrenewal;theinitialstageofthe11thFive-YearPlanisthepeinthesecondhalfof2006willbeabout13percent.(2)Thevigorousdevelopmenthippingcapacity,theshippingindust,thestatepolic,rawmaterialsandotherbulkcargoesisrobust,volumesofcoal,ironoreandmineral,theYangtzeRivershippingisthema,centralan,conformstotherequirementsofimplementingthestrategyforsustainabledevelopmentandthebuildingofaresource-effectiveandenvironment-friendlysociety.ByChenDaofu,,nterprisesChinasstate-ownedfinancialinstitutionshave,formanyyears,,thePeoplesBankofChinahadservedastheonlyfinancialorganinthesociety,,itwasthe,althoughbanksofvariouskindsandothernon-bankingfinancialinstitutionshaveincreasedtheirmarketsharesgradually,thefourmajorstate-,inthefinalanalysis,,thereformofthestate-ownedbankswillinevitablybecloselylinkedwiththereformofChinasfinancialsystemandwiththedispositionofitsfinancialresources,ratherthanasstate-ownedfinancialinstitutionsisbyitselfaimedatachievingsomemacroscopictarge,imperfectionofthemicro-reformofthestate-ownedfinancialinstitutionshasalsotriggeredoffmacroscopicissues,forexample,thereversedtransmissionofthepressureforeasingmonetaryconditionhasresultedininflation,,thestate-ownedfinancialenterpriseshadplayedafargreaterroleinthehistoryofChinaseconomicdevelopmentthanactingmerelyasfinancialenterprisesandhadeverplayedauniqueroleinpromotingChina,Chinasfinancialenterprisesareimbuedwithfiscalfunctionstoacertainextent,whichhasbeenevidentlyreflectedbythecausesoftheformati,therewerethreemainstagesfortheformationofChinasnon-performingloans:from1980stoearly1990s,thenon-performingloansresultedfromtheloansgrantedtooldtraditionalindustrialenterprisesandloansforblindrepeatconstructions,accountedforabout1/3;thenon-performingloansresultedfromtheloansreleasedduringtheeconomicoverheatingperiodinearly1990smadeup1/3orso;andthenon-performingloansresultedfromthebankruptcy,mergerandrestructuringofenterprisescarriedoutbythestateinmid-andlate1990sconstitutedapproximately1/,theChineseeconomyhadbeenaquantityexpansionpatternunderthedominanceofthegovernment,andthewhollystate-fundedcommercialbankswerestatespecializedbanks,,thoughsuchasituationchangedabit,,thewhollystate-fundedcommercialbankspaidcostforthetransformationofthewholesystem,suchasthemergerandbankruptcyofenterprises,therestructuringoftheenterprisesintextile,coal,defense,foreigntrade,supplyandmarketingindustries,~2000alone,sFinancialInstitutionsReformBeforethereformandopeningupwascarriedoutin1978,Chinapracticedan"all-in-one"sBankofChinaandtheruralcreditcooperativesunderitsleadershipweretheonlyfinancialinstitutions,andthemanpower,financialandmaterialresourcesofvariousbranchesofthePeoplesBankwereunderthec,andthepracticeof"unifieddepositsandunifiedloans"wascarriedout,namely,theabsorbeddepositswerehandedovertotheHeadOfficeforunifiedallocationandloa(theminimumfundquotasneeded)ofenterpriseswerefromfinancialappropriations,andpartofthecircul,includingfinancialfunds,rminedbythestateinaplannedway,andcurrencyservedonlyasanaccounti,~1993:Financialreforminthereformofeconomicincrement----constructionofabasicfinancialsystembasedoneconomicneedsSuchafinancialreformduringthisperiodwasmeanttoprovidenewresourcesforthereformwhiletallyingwiththenewstrategyforthereform.(1)WideningthebusinessscopeofthebanksOntheonehand,bankswerenotonlyabletograntacertainamountofcirculatingfundloans,butcouldpro,shortagesofthecirculatingfunds,appropriationsforChinasbudgeintheunitsownedbythewholepeopleaccountedforabout2/3before1979andonlyfor1/,besidesthestate-runenterprises,loanscouldalsogotoprivately-operatedenterprisesandtotheself-employedaswell.(2)Eancebusiness(before1984).In1979,AgriculturalBankofChinawasre-designatedasthespecializedbankinchargeofthefinancialbusinessinruralareas,BankofChinawasseparatedfromthePeoplesBankofChinaandbecameanindependentspecializedforeignexchangebank,andChinaConstructionBankwasreorga,IndustrialandCommercialBankofChinawasestablishedtoundertakeindustrialandcommercialcreditandurbansavingsbusinesspreviouslyhandledbythePeople,People,institutionalmanagementwaschangedtocorporatemanagement,thereformofcombiningresponsibilities,rightsandinterestswascarriedoutinanall-roundwayandthepracticeof"eatingatthebigpot"inincomedistributionwasbrokendown,,thepracticeof"eatingatthebigpot"infunddistributionwascastaway,fundconstraintfrombankswasgraduallystrengthenedandtheinter-bankbusinesslimitswereruledout....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,sPresidentZhouXiaochuan:ReformofChinasBankingIndustryScalesNewHeights.JinSanlinMiJianguoEstablishingChinasoilreserves,andstage-IprojectstartedinDalian,Huangdao,,thegovernmentestablishedthenationaloilreserveoffice,organizedsomeoilreservebasecompanies,,theestablishmentofChinasoilreservesystemislimitedtogovernmentsreserveandenterprisesobligatoryreservehasnotbeensetupandenterprises,theobjectivescale,managementsystem,operationmechanism,fundguaranteeandcostcontrolrelatedtoChinasoilreserveneedtobesolvedurgentlyandoilreserveisstilloneoftheweakestlinksinChina,asystematicresearchontheproblemofChinasOilReserveSystemOilreserveisaseriesofsystematic,organizedoil:(1)Themainbodyofoilreserveincludesboththegovernmentandenterprises;(2)Theobjectiveofoilreserveistorespondtooilsupplyemergencyoroilcrisis,soastoguaranteenationalsecurity;(3)Oilreserveshallbecarriedoutsystematicallyundertheunifiedorganizationofthenation,reserve,theInternationalEnergyAssociation(IEA)dividesoilreserveintogovernmentreserve,enterprisereserveandagencyreserve.(1)GovernmentreserveGovernmentreserveisincorporatedintogovernmentsfinancialbudget,thegovernmentprovidesthefundfortheestablishment,purchase,maintenanceandcontrol,theobjectiveistoti,egovernment,withhightransparencyandgoodemergencyeffectanditisaneffectivemeasuretoresistrisks,guaranteethesafety,balancethesupplyanddemand,,becauseoftheshortageofeffectivecompetitionmeans,theoperationefficiencyislowwhilethemaintenancecostishigh,whichwillconsequentlyincreasetheburdenoftheconsumers.(2)EnterprisereserveEnterprisereserveistheoilreserveundertakenbyoilmanufacturers,importers,oilrefiningenterprises,salesenterprisesandmajoroilconsumingenterprises,etheenterprise,becausecommercialreserveisrestrictedbyenterprisescostandbenefit,thereservevolumeisoftenlessthanlegalreserve,however,litiescanbeusedforlegalreserve,itisofhighoperationefficiency,lowoperationcost,andquickandconvenientactionwithlowtransparencyandlowjustice,anditisdifficulttobesupervised,meanwhile,,itcanincreaseenterprisescapacitytoresistriskswheninternationaloilsupplyisnotadequateandthepricejumpsup,anditcanincreaseenterprisesabsorptioncapacitywheninternationaloilsupplyisadequateandthepricegoesdown,thusitimprovesenterprisesoperationsecurityandeconomicbenefit,however,itisoflowjusticeandefficiencytorespondtothesocialcrisis.(3)AgencyreserveAgencyreserve(alsoknownasintermediaryorganizationsreserve),istheobligatoryoilreserveundertakenbypublicornongovernmentalorganizationsspecifiedbylaw,infact,itisamodeofenterprises,allofitsmembersaretheenterpriseswithreserveobligationstipulatedbylaw,theseenterprisobligatoryreserveandthestocks,itcanbeeasilysupervisedwithhightransparency,,moreandmoreattentionispaidtoagencyreserve,thenumberofthecountriesowningagencyreserveisincreasingwithyears,andenterprisessoilreservesystemGovernmentreserve,enterpriselegalreserve,agencyreserveandcommercialreserve,differentcountrieshavedifferentsituation,sotheoilreservesystemsaredifferent,,themostcommonthreekindsofcombinationmodesare:governmentreservewithcommercialreserve;governmentreservewithenterpriseslegalreserveandcommercialreserve;agencyreservewithenterprises,a,theobjectiveofpublicreserveistoresistthethreatof“oilsupplydisruption”,goilvolume,butdoesnotbeartheresponsibilityforregulatingtheoilprices,andthesupplyanddemandonintern,otherwisethecountryislikelytousepublicreservefrequentlytoregulateandcontroloilmarket,orinterveneintheenterprisennotbereached,andmoreovertheont-linescreenfortheprotectionofoilsecurity,(twoscreens)dependoneachotherandsupplementeachother,erveandcommercialreserve;meanwhileitdeterminesthatthetwok73,themajoroilimportingcountriesoftheUnitedStates,JapanandGermanyhavesetupnationaloilreservesystem,effort,thesecountrieshaveestablishednationaloilreservesysteminlightoftheirrespectivesituation,whichhasplayedanimportantroleinguaranteeingnationaleconomicsecurityandmaintainingthestabilityoftheworld,andthedifferencesrelatedtonationaloilreservesystemaremainlythedifferencesinreservemodeandcombinationmodebetweengovernmentreserve,enterprisescreserveandenterprises,theoilembargoagainsttheWesterncountr,theAmericangovernmentdecidedtosetupnationalstrategicoilreservesystemandtheobjectivewastoprotectandbufferAmerica,TheAmericanCongressapprovedtheEnergyPolicyandConservationAct(EPCA),authorizedtheMinistryofEnergytoestablishandmanagethestrategicoilreserve,andclarifiedtheobjective,managementandoperationmechanismofthestrategicoilreserve....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.20108月通过ISO9001:2000国际质量管理。

    我公司以Lüormandopening-upwasimplemented,Chinahasdeveloped,stepbystep,acomparativelycompleteIPR-relatedlegalsystemandasystemforIPRmanagement,,ascomparedtohundredsofyearsithastakeninthecaseofWesterncountries,,,however,istheex,IPRdevelopmentindifferentregionsandsectorsisunbalanced,andgreatereffoalpracticehasbeendeveloped,andIPRmanagementandlaw-enforcingsystemswithChinesecharacteristicshavebeencreated,althoughsomesupplementarylawsandregulationshavenotbeenworkedoutyetandthemanagementandlaw-enforcingsystemscallforfurtherimprovementSofar,ChinahasdevelopedacomparativelycompletesystemofbasicIPRlaws,alt,forinstance,anyanti-monopolylaws,odification,,lawsareenforcedbybothjudicialandadministrativedepartmeesandsectorsandlotsofdepartmentsinChinaareinvolvedintheundertakinginonewayoranother,thecurrentsystemofmanagementcharacterizedbyisolatedoperationscannotprovidesufficientchannelsforcommu,thecoordinatingroleofpoliciescannotbebroughtintodueplay,andisolatedexerciseofmanagementatmultiplelevelsoftenleadstolegislativeconflicts,oversteppingofmanagementpower,,theChinesesocietyasawholehasnotyetbecomefullyawareofIPRprotectionorcapableoftakingadvantageoftheIPRsystemChineseenterprisesandindustriesarepresentlyexposedtotagesinlaborforceanddevotingconstanteffortstoinnovationcantheseenter,neitherhaveitsenterprisesnoritss,itsenterpriseshavenotyetbecomed,98-99percentofChineseenterpriseshaveneverappliedforanypatents,,mostenterpriseandinstitutionalunitsinChinahavenotyetcompletedtheirIPRmanagementsystems,andarenotcapableo,theymayinfringeupontheintellectualpropertyrightsofothersatwillorunconscientiously,andontheother,theydonotkn,Chineseenterpris,forinstance,igincomesintermsofIPRprotection,itremainsatalowlevelintermsofenforcementofIPRlawsandregulationsandclingstolocalprotectionismtosomeextent(1)Chinahasapproachingthelevelofdevelopedcountrieswhenratedaccordi,Chinastoodaroundthe20thamongthe110countriesintheworldin1993intermsofitsindexofpatentprotectionlevels,,ChinacameneartoGermany,theRepublicofKoreaandJapaninthisfield(Table1).Althoughwhatiscoveredintheindexaremainlycontentsofthelegalsystemtherangeofprotectionandthelaw-enforcingmechanismandtheycannotfullyreflecttheIPRprotectioncapacityofacountry,theyhavereflectedt、皇都MG淑女之夜用户至上新2下载ByZhangChenghui,ResearchInstituteofFinance,DevelopmentResearchCenter(DRC)ResearchReportNo030,hmentofacatastropheinsurancesystemhasbeenstudiedforoveradecade,buttherehasbeennosubsTheargumentshavefocusedonthefollowingissues.(1)Iscatastropheinsuranceapolicy-orientedorcommercialsystemHowdowedefinethegovernmentfunctionsinacatastropheinsurancesystemDoesthegovernmentthatestablishesacatastropheinsurancesystemhavetocontributefundsandifsoinwhatwaytomakecontributionsAretheinsurancecompaniesengagedincatastropheinsuranceandthegeneralpublicpurchasingcatastropheinsuranceentitledtopo,ranceandthatexcessdependenceongovernmentsupportmeansthisinsuranceisequivalenttoadirectfiscaldisasterreliefandthesystemdesignwillbecomemeaningless.(2)HowdothegovernmentdepartmentscoordinatewitheachotherWhichgovernmentdepartmentshouldexerciseleadershipoverestablishingcatastropheinsuran,theinsuranceregulatorydepartment,thecivilaffairsdepartment,theprofessionalmanagementdepartments(suchasthoseinchargeofearthquakeadministration,meteorologicaladministration,oceanicadministrationandtheMinistryofWaterResources),theNationalDisasterReductionCommission,disciplinesanddepartments,itrequiresnotonlyclearguidelinesandreliabledesigns,,itwilllacktherequiredauthorityandabilitytocoordinate;butifanadministrativeinstitutionoftheStateCouncildoesthejob,snationalconditionsManyofthepastresearchesaredevotedtothei,,designedforaspecificcatastropheorfordiversecatastrophesShoulditcoverthewholecountryorbeginwithjustoneprovinceHowtoensurethesystemtobebothscientificandoperableWhichoperationalmodelandriskdiversificationmodeshacatastrophefundorthemodelofacatastrophereinsurancecompanyandshoulditendowthereycountriesindicatethatthecoretasksofaca,andtheiroperationshavematuremodels,includingthenonprofitinstitutionalgovernancestructure,,,manyofthemhavebecomeadministrativeonesandhaveastrongimpulseforself-expansio,,whattypeofinstitutionsshouldexerciseleadershipoverthecatastropheinsurancesystemWhiledirectgovernmentmanagementisapparentlyimproper,for-profitcoanagementinstitutionisestablishedtodothejob,howcanweeffectivelycontainitsimpulseforscaleexpansionandrationallycontrolitsoperatingcostsoastomakethecatastropheinsurdingtoChinasnationalconditionsComparedwithothercountries,Chinahassomeuniquecharacteristics,,Chinaisavastcountry,,Sichuan,Qinghai,Tibetandotherplacesinthewestregiona,rainstorms,mudflowsandothernaturaldisastersthathitt,notonlythegeneralpublichasahighacceptanceofinsuranceproducts,butalsohasagreatercapacitytoadoptadvanceddisasterprevent,asthedevelopedregionshaveahighpopulationdensityandahighassetsvalue,,wecannotsimplyc,wecannotintroduceuniformfeerate,weshoulddesignascientificandrationalcatastropheinsurance,theinsuranceindustryasawholeisunderdeveloiseforcatastropheriskmanagementmakesitimpossibletomobilizethe,thepublicpreparednessfornaturaldisastersisverylow,theinfrastructurefordisasterpreventionandlossreductionisunavailable,andsomemeasuresfo,Chinafindsitdifficulttorelyoncommercial,whichhasauthorityandcoordinatingability,shouldexerciseleadershipovertheestablishmentofacatastropheinsurancesystemandshoulde,,skdiversification,,itisnecessarytoadoptacompulsoryorsemi-compulsorymarketingapproach.ZhangLipingInordertoadapttothescenarioafterentryintotheWTO,Chinahaslaunchedin2001theInternationalMarketDevelopmentFundforSmallandMedium-sizedEnterprises(SMEs)(hereinafterreferredtoas"IMDF"),SMEswithanannualexportvolumelessthanUSD15millionc,IMDFhadmaderemarkableachievementsinenablingSMEstogetaccesstointernationalmarketthroughvariouslinkssuchasoverseasexhibition,internationalcertification,overseasmarketpublicity,developmentofnewlyemergingmarket,training,%1inthepastfiveyears,morethantwotimesthatofthewholeSMEsatthesameperiod(%)andmuchhigherthanChinasaverageannualexportgrowthrate(30%).Itisnecessarytoevaluateensivejudgmentonthefollowingimportantissues:whetherIMDFisoperatedaccordingtodesignatedtargets,whataretherolesofIMDF,howmuchitcancontributetoexport,whataretheproblemsintheoperation,,MethodsandContentsoftheEvaluationObjectivity:Theprojectteamhasanalyzeddataandmaterialscollectedbycompetentdepartments,reviewedrelevantissuesbymeansofquestionnairesurvey,discussionsandvisitingenterprises,,questionnairesweresenttoenterprisesandtocompetentdepartmentsrespectivelythroughthewebsiteofIMDF,andreturnedthroughwebsiteorviadepartmentsofcommerceatvariouslevels,,541and12,132questionnaireshave,6,656werefromthoseenterprisesthathavenotreceivedanyfundsupportand5,(5,000)andofSMEs(46,000)registeredonline,%%edordeliveredvalidanswerstoeachquestion2,onlythosevalidanswerswereanalyzedinspecificquestions,:Theteammembershund,thoseenterprisesthath:Thisevaluationtriestosummarizetheachievementsandproblemsinthepast,sIMDF,,thefundvolumeisgettinglargerthoughremainssmallasawhole;secondly,thenumberofcompetentdepartmentshasbeenincreasinggradually,andrelatedpoliciesandadministrationshavebeenimprovedcontinuously;thirdly,:targetfulfillment,evaluatewhetherthegrantofIMDFconformstotheobjectivesandprinciplesoftheMeasuresforAdministrationofInternationalMarketDevelopmentFundofSME(fortrialimplementation)(hereinafterreferredtoastheAdministrationMeasures),andusethedatacollectedthroughquestionnairesurveystoevaluateIMDFpoliciesandtheirimplementationaswellasthefund,amathemlmarketInthepastfiveyears,thefundhasassistedSMEstogetaccesstointernationalmarketinrespectofsixcategoriesand19sub-categories(SeetheTablebelowfordetailedinformation).TheseitemsarethepivotallinksforSMEstocarryoutinternationalbusinessandareconvenientforimplementation,"guides",eventhoseenterpriByZhangYongwei,DevelopmentResearchCenter(DRC)ResearchReportNo120,sWindPowerIndustrySince2003,thecentralgovernmentpromulgatedtheRenewableEnergyLawofPeoplesRepublicofChinaanddrewupChinaRenewableEnergyDevelopmentPlantoimprovethe,aseriesofincentivemeasures,suchasthelaunchofwindpowerfranchiserightsbiddingandfavorablefiscalandtaxpolicies,greatlyenhancedthedevelo,sinstalled,weshouldalsoadmitthatprominentproblemsstillexistintheindustryandtheseproblemshavmechanism;seriousprojectsliceuptowinapprovalanddisorderlywindpowermarket(1)Theplanlac2007proposedtobringinstalledgrosscapacityofwindpowerto5GWin2010,;the11thFive-YearPlanforRenewableEnergyDevelopment,promulgatedin2008,plannedtobringtheinstalledgrosscapacityto10GWin2010,,thewindpowerinstallationplandoesnotfitwellwithotherdevelopmentplanssuchaspowergridconstruction,resourceexploration,,includingtheNationalDevelopmentandReformCommission,NationalEnergyAdministration,ChineseAcademyofSciences,ChineseAcademyofEngineering,theMinistryofScienceandTechnologyandPowerGridCorporation,areallinvolvedinthewindpowerplanning,rketdevelopmentiftherewerenounitedandcoordinatedmediumandlong-termdevelopmentplanofwindpower.(2),theNationalDevelopmentandReformCommissionisinchargeofwindpowerprojectconstructionabove50,000kw,andlocalgovernmentsareresponsiblefortheonesbelow50,,somelocalgovernmentsandinvestmententerprisescircumventthestateapprovalbysplittingbigconstructionplan,000kwcapacityissplitintomorethan6smallerones(Eachonelessthan50,000kw).“Smallwindpowerprojects”directlyapprovedbylocalgovernmentblossomeverywhere,nwillfurtherintensifytheconflictbetweenwindpowerandpowergrids.(3)Projectwinsatenderwithlowpricewhiledeveloperscareforscaleratherthaneffectiveness,andtheypursue“quickstartandlargescale”.Thefactthattheonewhooffersthelowestbiddingpricewillwinthespecialdevelopmentrightsmakedevelopersnottoconsidercurrentprojectbenefit,“enclosemarketsharesbymakingpreemptiveinvestments”and“occupywindenergyresources”.Temptedbytheirrationalinvestmentimpulsion,developersintentionallypulleddowntheirbidrosssubsidization,,evingdiversifiedwindpowerdevelopment,introducinginvestmentthroughmarketmechanismanden,mostenterprisesfailtoimprovetheirowntechnologyanddontownthekeytechnologyWithhugemarketdemandforwindpowerequipmentsandmanufacturingcapacity,Chinanowhasdevelopedacompleteindustrychainforwindpowerequismore,Chinahasmasteredthebasicproducingtechnologyofmegawattwindturbineandcanbatchproducenon-keypartssuchasblade,,localenterprisesinChinahaventmasteredthekeytechnologyinwindturbinedesign,largewindturbinebearing,s,,,intheinternationalmarket,windturbinecontrolsystemoccupieslessthan8%swindturbinecontrolsystemisbasicallyimportedfromDenmarkandAustria,notonlyourcostsaremorethandoubled,butth,lackingnormalmanagementmeasuresforwindpowerfarmconnection,productstandard,certificationandsupervisionAlthoughwindpowerdevelopsrapidlytheseyears,obviouslyitlagsbehsRepublicofChinahasexcessivelylooseregulationsonwindpowergridconnection,whichdoesntmetificationsystemonwindpowerequipmentsintime,hydevelopmentofwindpowerindustry,connectionmanagementmeasuresofwindpowerfarm,whichadaptstoChinesepowergridcharacteristicsandlargewindpowergeneration,werstandards,whichisu,certificationisnotmandatory,,DenmarkandIndia,relevantcertificationinwindpowerfieldismandatory,andallwindturbinescant,butpromotestechnologyaccumulationandrealizethedestinatitprovidemodelparametersnowandareunabletomeettherequiremenrgescale,ifrelevanttechnologystandardswerenotperfectedandhealthycertificationsupervisionsystemwerenotimproved,windpowermarketfloodinglotsofbad-qualityequipmentswouldbringcatastrophicresult.、DVORChart2ApparentConsumptionofProductOil2000-2006Source:ResearchDepartmentofIndustrialEconomyoftheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncilTheabovegrowthstructureindicatesthatwhilethegrowthofdieselconsumptionwasexceptionalonthe2005marketofproductoil,themarketgrowthin2006willbedrivenbydiverseforces,,thegrowthofgasolinedemandwillbemainlyattributabletothevigorousdevelopmentoftheautomarketandthenewdevelopmentofth,diesel’sshareoftheoverallconsumptionofallproductoilwillcontinuetobeashighas65percent,andthedevelopmentofthedhofthemarketofgasoline-drivenpassenger,theaccumulatedpurchasingpowerbeganamassivereleaseafterthemarkethadgonethroughadjus,,theremovalofthebanonsmall-enginevehiclesandtheadjustmentof,,theactiveoper,tinuetogrowrapidly,,althoughthemassivereleaseofthepurchasingpowerinthefirsthalfoftheyearwasencouraging,,theadjustmentoftheconsumptiontaxrwi,therisin,duetotheincomegrowth,themarket,theautoprirsthalfoftheyearanfthediesel-usingindustriesDrivenbythevigorousdevelopmentoftheauto,shipping,constructionandotherindustries,dieseldemandwillcontinuetogrowsteadily,withthepacebeingslightlyfasterthanin2005.(1)Thediesel-drivencommercialvehiclesarethemainforceofalldiesel-drivenv,theyaremorepronetotheinfluenceofthemacroeconomicsituation(especiallyinvestmentdemand)vementoftheurbanandruraltransportinfrastructureandroadconditionsin2006,thegrowthofdiesangibleandthefreighttrafficwillcontinuetogrow;therenewalofhighwaybusesthisyearandnextyearwillbeaccelerated,withmostofthepassengervehiclesthatwererenewedfollowingthequalificationevaluationofthepassengertransportenterprisesin2000bytheMinistryofCommunicationshaveallreachedtheageofrenewal;theinitialstageofthe11thFive-YearPlanisthepeinthesecondhalfof2006willbeabout13percent.(2)Thevigorousdevelopmenthippingcapacity,theshippingindust,thestatepolic,rawmaterialsandotherbulkcargoesisrobust,volumesofcoal,ironoreandmineral,theYangtzeRivershippingisthema,centralan,conformstotherequirementsofimplementingthestrategyforsustainabledevelopmentandthebuildingofaresource-effectiveandenvironment-friendlysociety.ByHanJun,QinZhongchunCuiChuanyi,,ionforConstructingaHarmoniousSocietyinChinaRuralsocialsecuritysystemisasystemestablishedataspecificstageofsocialdevelopmentwithr,farmerswhohavelostland,ordinaryfarmers,ruralhouseholdswitheconomichardship,ruralhouseholdsinseverepoverty,andhouseholdsenjoyingthefiveguarantees(childlessandinfirmoldpeoplewhosefood,clothing,medicalcare,housingandburialexpensesaretakencareofandsubsidizedbythegovernment.).Ruralsocialsecuritysystemusuallyincludestheminimumsubsistenceallowancesforpoverty-strickenfarmers,old-agepensionsystemforordinaryfarmers,socialsecurityforfarmerswhohavelostlandandforfarmerworkers,identityandchangesinthesocialandeconomicconditions,themodeandcontentofrural,integratingitorganicallywithurbansocialsecuritysystem,andgraduallyperfectingthetwoandestablishingaunitedsocialsecuritysystemwithbothhavebecometheinevitablecourseforChinaintheprocessofcoordiotionofsocialfairnessOneoftheimportantbedrocksofsocialistharmonioussocietyistheequalityofrightsandopportunities,whichincludeequalopportunitiesforemploymentandeducation,equalbusinessandfinancingopportunities,,Chinasstandardsocialsecuritysystemonlycoverspartofurbanresidentsofgovernmentsectorsofthesociety,,mostruralhouseholdsstillseek“self-security”fromfamily,dustrialsociety,,inviewofthedevelopmenttendency,itisimperativetoprovidealargenumberoffarmerswithequalopportunitiesandrightsthroughasocialsecuritysystem,,,thenumberofelderlyover60hasexceeded10%ofthetotalruralpopulation,,%epeakofaging,theconstructionsofsocialsafetyandlegalsystemAstheindustrializationandurbanizationproceed,Chinahasenteredaphasewhenvarioussocialcontradictionsbecomeyhavenowenteredtheiroldageinsuccession,andtheevermoreprominentphenomenonofmoreoldpeopleandlessyoungpeoplehasalteredthetraditionalmodeloffamily-basedold-agecare,underwhichruralpeopleusu,ifnotproperlyhandled,,forwhomtheincomeislow,,138millionemployeesworkintownshipenterprisesandsmallandmedium-sizedenterprises,whoseemploymentconditionsareunstable,,the,unabletoseekregularemploymentafterlosingtheirland,,everyyearinruralareasthereareabout70millionvictimsofvariousdisastersandover76ionandcontrol,safeguardtherightsandinterestsoffarmersanddisadvantagedgroups,embodyngcoordinateddevelopmentandbridgingthegapbetweenurbanandruralareasTheunevendevelopmentbetweenurbanandruralareashasalwaysbeenanoutstandingcontradictioninChinaydevelopment,whensocialandeconomicdevelopmenthasreachedcertainlevels,wecanexpeditethedevelopmentofthebasicsystemofruralold-agepensionandreducethegapbetweenurbanandruralareasandpromotecoordinateddev,Chinahasalreadyenteredastageinwhichindustriespromotethedevel,easesocialcontradictionsthroughsystemandmechanismconstruction,increasefarmers,whichmeansChinahasprimarilylaidthematerialfoundationforiforadvancingtheinitialperiodafterthefoundingofnewChina,theprimarytaskofthePartyandtheGovernmentwastopressforwardrurallandreformsoastoensurefarmerstohavetheirownlandandtocarryoutasysteminruralareaswithfamilysecurityasthedominantformofsocialsrySessionofthe11thCPCCentralCommittee,thestateadoptedaplannedeconomicadministrationsystem,muchattentionhasbeenattachedtopo,ru,generallyspeaking,acompletesystemframeworkhasnottakenshape;easfollows:...Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.XieFuzhan,LiuShijin,LuZhongyuan,ZhangLiqunLiJianweiByJinSanlinResearchReportNo009,2006In2006,ce,,TendingtoSlowDownFromJanuarytoFebruarythisyear,%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,,,thegrowthrateoftheunrecoveredbalanceofcapitalbyfinishedindustrialproductshasbeenonthedecline,andthistrendcontinuedintheperiodfromJanuarytoFebruarythisyear,indicatingrchDepartmentofIndustrialEconomyofDRC,theperformanceofupstreamindustriesandthemiddleinvestmentproductscontinuedtodropintheperiodfromJanuarytoFebruary,andthegrowthrateof,factorsthatleadtotheslowing-downofeconomicperformancemainlyinclude:First,theproblemofsurpluscapacityinsomeindustriesstillexists,andinparticular,surpluscapacityinsuchindustriesasironandsteel,cement,,,%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,;%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,’sexportgrowththisyearinclude:theworldeconomicgrowthmayslowdown,andthegrowthrateofimportofChina’smajortradingpartnerstendtodrop;tradefrictionsmayworsen;theRenminbiexchangeratemayrisebyasmallmargin;andChina’’sgrowthrateofexportwilldropslightly,andtheweakeneddrivi,thesupply-demandrelationshiptendstochangetothesituationwherethesupplyoutpacesthedemand,,thePPI(producerpriceindex)rose3%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,thepurchasingpriceofrawmaterials,%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,;(consumerpriceindex)%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,,roduceacertainshrinkingeffecttotheenterprises’st,consumptiondemandscontinuetorise,,alongwiththefasteconomicdevelopment,theincomelevelsofurbanandruralresidentsalsorosefast,,%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,andafterdeductingthepricefactor,%,continuingthetrendofanactualgrowthof12%registeredinthepreviousyear,,inthesaleamountofwholesaleandretailindustryabovethedesignatedquota,%,%%.Drivenbythedemandofresidentsforhouses,autosandelectronicinformationproducts,thebaseforasustainablegrowthofauto,realestate,electronicinformationindustriesissolidandfavorable,ofwhich,thedevelopmentoftheautoindustry,aftereliminatingitsinventoryandadjustingtheproductmix,,%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,,,withmacrocontrolandadjustmentmeasureslastyear,irrationaldemandscausedbyspeculativeactivitiesarebeingbroughtundercontrol,,thepriceofcommodityhousescontinuedtorise,,%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,%,,%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,althoughthegrowthratedroppedslightlycomparedwiththatofthepreviousyear,,drivenbyconsumption,thedevelopmentofendindustriesaccelerated,therewa,localgovernmentsareallhighlyenthusiasticaboutspeedingupthedevelopmentrelatedtotheirrespectiveplans,thedemandsinallsectorscouldbetranslatedintoahugedemandforinvestment,andtherefore,,alongwiththechangeofenterprises’internalmechanismandthefiercemarketcompetition,investmentbye,%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,higherthantheoverallgrowthrateofinvestment,ofwhich,%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear,an%,,thetotalengineeringandconstructionprojectsofurbanfixedassetinvestmentamountedto48,589,anincreaseof9,913overthesameperiodoflastyear;,%comparedtothesameperiodofthepreviousyear;thenumberofnewlystartedprojectswas11,723,anincreaseof4,140overthesameperiodoflastyear;,%,althoughthegrowthofloanswasnothigh,moneysupplywasrelativelysufficient,,ofthegrowthrateofbankloans,short-termloanshaveregisteredthebiggestdrop,butmiddleandlong-termloanshaveallregisteredafastgrowth,indicatingthatfinancialin,thegrowthrateoffixedassetinvestmenttendstoaccelerate.。

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